System Science at the

Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS)

To see the full set of articles go to http://greenplanet.eolss.net/EolssLogn/browsedt_form.aspx then search for the exact phrase "system science"
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Some interesting looking EOLSS articles on system science are:

THE SYSTEMS SCIENCES IN SERVICE OF HUMANITY
This article presents the systems sciences as a field of inquiry and discusses the way in which it has evolved in relation to both the theoretical and the practical concerns of human welfare. It begins with a brief overview and assessment of the syste...

SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND CYBERNETICS: THE LONG ROAD TO WORLD SOCIOSYSTEMICITY
This introductory article is implicitly divided into two parts. The first tries to integrate the main aspects of the topic that occur within the particular theme ";Systems science and cybernetics" (SS&C), together with the definition and dif...

SOCIAL SYNERGY AS A RATIONAL DESIGN
For any kind of system to serve its purpose, its elements must converge or interrelate. This is the main characteristic of systems. But this essential property should be further emphasized in social systems where individuals can choose between living...

SYSTEMHOOD UNIFYING THEORIES
Like complexity, systemicity is a theoretical property that can only be defined either by enumerating examples of what is systemic, or by asserting a domain of reference and issuing a definition consistent only with that domain. Past attempts to defi...

THE GEOMETRY OF THINKING
In Synergetics and his other works, Buckminster Fuller explores the structure of space and its correspondence to human thought process. His books offer a wealth of information about systems ranging from the physical to the metaphysical. Over the last...

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF THE SYSTEMS SCIENCES: THE ROAD TOWARD UNCERTAINTY
This chapter explores in its first part the historical roots and the progress of the deep questioning which affected the scientific worldview during the first half of the 20th century. In the second part it retraces the steps of the progressive emerg...

GENERAL SYSTEMS PROBLEM SOLVER
A conceptual framework for systems problem solving, referred to as the General Systems Problem Solver (GSPS) is described. The core of the framework is a comprehensive taxonomy of systems based on epistemological and methodological criteria. This tax...

EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL CONSTRAINTS
Since scientists are more inclined to differentiate than to unify, unifying (when it is pursued) is less a natural tendency and more an intended and purposely assumed path. Accordingly, the procedure adopted to follow such a path becomes, necessarily...

RATIONALES TO UNIFYING TRANSDISCIPLINARILY
Disciplinary fragmentation raises barriers that science can try to overcome through unification. However the explanation as to why the fragmentation itself occurs is also significant. What causes all Ds to change, grow, and by doing so, to become the...

SYSTEMS APPROACHES: A Technology for theory production
The following text tries to accomplish a double task: to summarize the key ideas and lines in articles devoted to systems approaches, and to pose a general framework, at once philosophical, historical, and socio-cultural; that is to say, a genealogy ...

DESIGNING SOCIAL SYSTEMS
In the course of the of the second half of the twentieth century, the emergence, development, and continuing advancement of systems science have led to increasing insights into how to understand entities as wholes, comprised of interacting components...

ENTROPY SYSTEMS THEORY
Entropy is a concept that was derived in the nineteenth century during the study of thermodynamic systems. Entropy exists in all systems, nonliving and living, that possess free energy for doing work. As system energy declines, entropy increases. Ent...

FORMAL APPROACHES TO SYSTEMS
Several relevant formal approaches to systems are presented and compared with reference to a practical case. The possibilities of an eventual unified formal theory of systems, and other open questions, are presented....

WSR DECISIONS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
Sustainable development decisions are seen by the Oriental WSR approach as participation processes conditioned and shaped by a dynamic web of wuli (relation with the world), shili (relation with the mind) and renli (relation with others). On the one ...

TRANSDISCIPLINARY UNIFYING THEORY: ITS FORMAL ASPECTS
This article defines transdisciplinary unification, and gives the reasons why it is pursued. Rationales are taken as constraints, which enable the formal definition of the transdisciplinary problem. In this way rules are generalized, including those ...

GENERAL SYSTEMS WELTANSCHAUUNG
At times, every human intrinsically produces idealized abstractions as generalized assumptions to help them update their theoretical frame of reference, which is needed to reorganize day-to-day survival. Every generalization is obtained by inference ...

GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PURPOSES OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
This article reviews basic ideas and a common scientific perception of computational intelligence (CI) with its relationship to other system sciences and cybernetics. Also it describes a CI position in the overall body of artificial and biological in...

TRANSDISCIPLINARY UNIFYING THEORY - FORESEEABLE DEVELOPMENTS
The continuous change in P’s configuration requires a dynamic unifying process, and attempts to overcome present limitations will continue to point to the ever changing distance between goals and means. Therefore a unified theory has not been aimed...

SOFT SYSTEMS METHODOLOGY
Soft Systems Methodology - SSM is a intellectual systemic tool to orchestrate and implement change in the real world in topics concerned to human affairs. SSM was created by Prof. Peter B. Checkland and his colleagues, from Lancaster University, U.K....

EVOLUTIONARY COMPLEX SYSTEMS
This article shows how evolution emerges from the complexity of a system. A self-contained description regards systems as wholes formed by elements, complexity as the multiplicity of relations among components, and evolution as the emergent property ...

LIVING SYSTEMS THEORY
National, international, and environmental problems require multi-disciplinary solutions. Living systems theory is an evolutionary scientific theory that justifies well-defined research across multiple disciplines. Its connection to the zeitgeist of ...

GENERAL SYSTEMS THEORY
General system theory is a theme in the philosophy of science concerned with recognition of parallel approaches or methods in various disciplines, which are not generally recognized as related because of increasingly specialized languages. This progr...

SYSTEM THEORIES: SYNERGETICS
S. has links to many fields of the natural sciences, to technology and to the humanities. The outstanding feature of S. is its goal to unearth common features in the macroscopic behavior of a great variety of otherwise quite different systems. As thi...

SECOND ORDER CYBERNETICS
Second order Cybernetics (also known as the Cybernetics of Cybernetics, and the New Cybernetics) was developed between 1968 and 1975 in recognition of the power and consequences of cybernetic examinations of circularity. It is Cybernetics, when Cyber...

THE BASIC GENERAL SYSTEMS CONCEPTS
A comparison of the formal approaches considered, using basic systemic concepts as a guide, gives the following contrasting results:...

CHAOS: BACK TO “PARADISE LOST”: PREDICTABILITY. THE CENTURY OF THE EMERGENCE OF SYSTEMIC THOUGHT AND CHAOS THEORY
The chapter starts with the main concepts of Chaos Theory, Non-linearization, General Systems Theory, Living Systems Theory, Mechanicist Thought, Predictability, Phase spaces, Ordinary Attractors, etc....

BIPOLAR FEEDBACK-CONCLUSIONS
Feedback exists in all natural and human systems.Natural feedback is bipolar, mutual, and hierarchical....

CYBERNETICS AND COMMUNICATION
Without a good, coordinated network of control and communication processes (CC), complex systems are not able to exist as a whole, and they disintegrate into dead components. This is the origin of Cybernetics and Communication (C&;C). Designers of Li...

UNIFYING THE UNIFYING THEORIES
Solving P has reached the stage of unifying the solutions to the F s in, or of G UT (Z) with those to the P1, P2, ..., Pn in P, (Z). Bifurcation is self-effacing when a direct link between Z and Z is enhanced, although they will never be equated, and...

PARAMETER ESTIMATION AND VERIFICATION OF MODELS
A model of an ecosystem, either simple or complicated, always appears as a result of certain idealization when some processes going on in a real system are considered as important and, therefore, are included into the model and others are neglected. ...

MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN HUMAN SOCIAL RELATIONS AND GLOBAL BIOSPHERE PROCESSES
The human community is one of many communities on our planet. It includes the highest organized living organisms, but within this community many complex and important problems of biospheric significance, which are extremely complicated for cognition,...

CYBERNETICS AND THE INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE
Cybernetics was formulated by its founders as a metadiscipline with the aim, not only of fostering collaboration between disciplines (interdisciplinarity), but also of sharing knowledge across disciplines (transdisciplinarity). As a metadiscipline, c...

KNOWLEDGE AND SELF-PRODUCTION PROCESSES IN SOCIAL SYSTEMS
This article explores the fundamental differences between natural (spontaneous) and human engineered (designed) social systems. While man-made systems can be sustainable, natural systems must be self-sustainable. The differences between sustainabilit...

HISTORY OF CYBERNETICS
The most important initiator of cybernetics was Norbert Wiener (l894-1964) with his book “Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine”. The contribution of Warren S. McCulloch (1898-1969) may be compared to that of Wien...

THE QUANTIFICATION OF SYSTEM DOMAINS
The methodology of quantification is applied to system domains which can be considered ";hard" or "soft", depending on whether the variables which describe them, pertain to domains in the physical/natural sciences or to domains in the ...

AXIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THEORY
Human individuals as well as societies as unities are teleological and thus axiological in nature. Values can then be considered to be the fundamental raw material that make and shape the social phenomenon. If “Value” is the degree of usefulness ...

ETHICS AS EMERGENT PROPERTY OF THE BEHAVIOR OF LIVING SYSTEMS
Many contemporary ethical theories have been developed such as those generated by different religions and rational inquiries, with reference to social rights, law, bioethics, and business ethics. This contribution focuses on the identification of an ...

There are many others if you search for "system science" at http://greenplanet.eolss.net/EolssLogn/browsedt_form.aspx

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